War as a moral imperative
Jeremy Ginges and and Scott Atran again illustrate the relevance of a cognition and culture approach to major political and societal concerns with their article, "War as a moral imperative (not just practical politics by other means)" published online, Feb. 16, 2011, in the Proceedings of the Royal Society B and available here.
Abstract: We present ﬁndings from one survey and ﬁve experiments carried out in the USA, Nigeria and the Middle East showing that judgements about the use of deadly intergroup violence are strikingly insensitive to quantitative indicators of success, or to perceptions of their efﬁcacy. By demonstrating that judgements about the use of war are bounded by rules of deontological reasoning and parochial commitment, these ﬁndings may have implications for understanding the trajectory of violent political conﬂicts. Further, these ﬁndings are compatible with theorizing that links the evolution of within-group altruism to intergroup violence.